Recent Publications by the Permanent Fellows

"Kontinentale Kluft? Ein Symposium zu einer schicksalhaften öffentlichen
Disputation: Davos 1929" in Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie.
Volume 64, No. 4, 2016
Björn Wittrock
(De Gruyter, 2016)

History of European Ideas. Special Issue (4): Peter E. Gordon's
Continental Divide: Heidegger, Cassirer, Davos
Volume 41, No. 3-4, April-June 2015
Björn Wittrock and Hans Joas (guest editors)
(Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group, 2015)

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Recent Publications by Current and Former Fellows

(Fellows are listed in alphabetical order)

Autour du conte
Elena Balzamo
(Flies France, 2016)

'Les études réunies dans le présent volume sont un rappel de ce que fut la
culture populaire et les moyens de l’appréhender au XIXe et au XXe
siècle. Comment s’effectuaient les collectes ? que trouve-t-on en ouvrant
un recueil de contes dits « populaires » ? comment les savants de cette
époque se représentaient-ils la tradition dont ils se voyaient gardiens ? quels
aspects étaient à leurs yeux les plus dignes d’intérêt ? Et les écrivains, que
voyaient-ils dans l’univers désordonné de la tradition orale, dans la vision du
monde dont elle était le reflet ? par quels procédés la transformaient-ils en
œuvres écrites, destinées à être lues ?

De l’immense littérature orale – contes, légendes, chansons, proverbes,
devinettes, présages… – il ne sera ici question que des contes, et, à l’intérieur
de ce genre, que de deux de ses variétés : le conte merveilleux et le conte
étiologique. Pareillement, au sujet d’entre-pénétration du conte et de la littérature,
qui se faisait de mainte manière différente, on se limitera au conte littéraire, c’est
-à-dire aux façons de réécrire le conte traditionnel par des auteurs au XIXe
et au XXe siècle, notamment dans les ouvrages destinés au jeune public, textes
où l’interaction avec le conte traditionnel est la plus facile à cerner. Au centre du
volume se place la tradition orale de l’Europe du Nord, plus particulièrement de
la Scandinavie, agrémentée de quelques excursions dans d’autres régions

Les études ainsi réunies reflètent le parcours de l’auteur et offrent une promenade
à travers trois paysages fort différents : la fourrée broussailleuse du conte populaire,
le jardin baroque du conte littéraire et le parc peu ou proue ordonné de la folk-
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Kant and the Laws of Nature
Angela Breitenbach (with Michela Massimi, eds.)
(Cambridge University Press, 2017)

'Laws of nature play a central role in Kant's theoretical philosophy and are
crucial to understanding his philosophy of science in particular. In this
volume of new essays, the first systematic investigation of its kind, a
distinguished team of scholars explores Kant's views on the laws of nature
in the physical and life sciences. Their essays focus particularly on the laws
of physics and biology, and consider topics including the separation in Kant's
treatment of the physical and life sciences, the relation between universal and
empirical laws of nature, and the role of reason and the understanding in
imposing order and lawful unity upon nature. The volume will be of great interest
to advanced students and scholars of Kant's philosophy of science, and to historians
and philosophers of science more generally.
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Turks and Iranians: Interactions in Language and History
Éva Á. Csató, Lars Johanson, András Róna-Tas and Bo Utas (eds.)
(Harrassowitz Verlag, 2016)

'The contributions by an international group of leading scholars discuss
the historical and cultural relations of old and modern Turkic and Iranian
languages. A main topic is how contacts of spoken and written languages
from pre-Islamic times until various periods of the Islamic era have
influenced the emergence and development of Iranian and Turkic varieties.
The purpose is to contribute to a better understanding of the interrelations
between cultural-historical contacts and linguistic processes, and to stress
the necessity of cooperation between experts of Turkic and Iranian studies.'
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The Arts of Editing Medieval Greek and Latin: A Casebook
Barbara Crostini et al (eds.)
(PIMS, 2016)

' With the triumph of the codex, medieval literature became more deeply
hermeneutic in character. A vast range of texts, in various languages and
genres, were not only copied with the commentaries and glosses of
ancient tradition, but also underwent continuous reworking and transforma-
tion. Indeed, the very act of transcribing texts into a manuscript was often
an incentive to rewrite them. This practice resulted in a bewildering number
of textual versions that lived alongside their originals, and sometimes displaced
them, but were nevertheless fundamental to their transmission and interpretation,
often resulting in complex textual layers.

All of them, from commentaries on biblical books, hymns, or sequences to texts
for liturgical use with many local versions, from model sermon collections to
florilegia and encyclopaedic works, came to encompass multiple paratextual and
intermedial forms, be it in the guise of other texts or images or music, all with their
own histories of transmission. Despite the importance in the development of medieval
thought and culture their widespread dissemination evinces, these works have remained
largely unedited, or unavailable in reliable modern editions. One reason for this has surely
been that they were seen as merely functional texts and regarded as less important than
the canonical texts. Yet the sheer number of different versions also makes them resistant
to traditional and well-established editorial protocols.

Issuing from Stockholm University's Ars edendi research programme (2008–2015), The
Arts of Editing Medieval Greek and Latin
draws together eighteen case studies covering
typical medieval genres such as commentaries and glosses, liturgical texts, model sermons,
and anthologies. Exploiting examples not typically discussed in manuals of textual criticism,
these essays describe the challenges and opportunities in producing single-manuscript editions
or editions involving large numbers of witnesses, editing different versions of the same author's
text or anthologies containing the works of multiple authors, as well as in capturing stages of
textual genesis and textual variability, relating text to image, and harnessing digital tools. A closing
chapter seeks to trace common threads as well as differences, offering reflections on broader
questions of editorial theory and practice.'
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Ars Edendi Lecture Series, vol. IV.
Barbara Crostini (with Gunilla Iversen and Brian M. Jensen, eds.)
(Stockholm University Press, 2016)

The Ars Edendi Lectures have been organized by the research programme
at Stockholm University funded by Riksbankens Jubileumsfond during the
years 2008-2015, with a focus on editorial methods for dynamic textual
traditions of medieval Greek and Latin texts. This fourth volume gathers
contributions both on the fundamentals of editing, as in Glenn Most ‘What
is a critical edition?’, and looking at specifics such as marginalia (Teeuwen),
errors (Maggioni), musical notation (Atkinson). Two papers focus on digital
tools in editing Greek (Dendrinos) and Latin and early Romance (Robinson)
texts. Richard Janko describes the challenges in making out words in
Herculaneum papyri. Both traditional and innovative approaches are contemplated
in this rich and varied collection by leading experts in the field of editing.
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The Willow King
Meelis Friedenthal (translated by Matthew Hyde)
(London: Pushkin Press, 2017)

'Estonia, at the end of the seventeenth century: Laurentius arrives in the
country, accompanied by a rose-ringed parakeet and hounded by melan-
choly. He has come to study the latest research - on bloodletting, the evil
eye, the position of the soul in the body . . . Meanwhile the poor are being
devoured by hunger and the city walls of his university town don't keep
them out; in his feverish sleep he dreams of a king with a high crown, and
his waking life is stalked by paranoia. Compelling, evocative and beautifully
written, The Willow King is an unsettling tale of a time of witchcraft, of
public executions and public dissections, when science and the supernatural
were intertwined.'
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China's Porcelain Capital: The Rise, Fall and Reinvention of Ceramics
in Jingdezhen

Maris Gillette
(Bloomsbury Academic, 2016)

'Maris Gillette's groundbreaking study tells the story of Jingdezhen,
China's porcelain capital, from its origins in 1004 in Song dynasty China
to the present day.

Gillette explores how Jingdezhen has been affected by state involvement
in porcelain production, particularly during the long 20th century. She
considers how the Chinese government has consumed, invested in, taxed
and managed the local ceramics industry, and the effects of this state
intervention on ceramists' lives, their local environment and the nature of
the goods they produce. Gillette traces how Jingdezhen experienced the
transition from imperial rule to state ownership under communism, the
changing fortunes of the ceramics industry in the early 21st century, the
decay and decline that accompanied privatisation, and a revival brought
about by an entrepreneurial culture focusing on the manufacture of
highly-prized 'art porcelain''.
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Den svåra konsten att se sig själv (The difficult art of seeing yourself)
Peter Gärdenfors
(Natur & Kultur, 2017)

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Thomas Reid on Society and Politics
Knud Haakonssen (with Paul Wood, eds.)
(Edinburgh University Press, 2015)

"Thomas Reid published almost nothing on politics, but his manuscripts
show that he was deeply concerned with social, political and economic
issues throughout his career. Collected together here for the first time,
Reid’s Glasgow lecture notes and his papers to learned societies in Aber-
deen and Glasgow show that he was an acute commentator on contem-
porary politics and that he used his philosophy to formulate solutions to
some of the practical political and economic problems of his day.

•Opens up a different Enlightenment from that of David Hume and Adam
Smith, Reid’s predecessor in the Glasgow chair of moral philosophy
•Explores Reid’s eclectic system of political economy, which had considerable
affinities with the work of Sir James Steuart
•Illustrates an original use of traditional and contemporary ideas in European
political thought, especially those of More, Harrington and Montesquieu
•Traces the political implications of Reid’s common sense philosophy
•Includes a contextualising and critical introduction
•All of the manuscripts are fully annotated with explanatory and textual notes"
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Tunne aivosi (Know your brain, feel your brain) (In Finnish)
Minna Huotilainen (with Leeni Peltonen)
(Otava, 2017)

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Descriptive Ethics: What does Moral Philosophy Know about Morality?
Nora Hämäläinen
(Palgrave Macmillan, 2016)

'This book is an investigation into the descriptive task of moral philosophy.
Nora Hämäläinen explores the challenge of providing rich and accurate
pictures of the moral conditions, values, virtues, and norms under which
people live and have lived, along with relevant knowledge about the human
animal and human nature. While modern moral philosophy has focused its
energies on normative and metaethical theory, the task of describing,
uncovering, and inquiring into moral frameworks and moral practices has
mainly been left to social scientists and historians.  Nora Hämäläinen argues
that this division of labour has detrimental consequences for moral philosophy
and that a reorientation toward descriptive work is needed in moral philosophy.
She traces resources for a descriptive philosophical ethics in the work of four
prominent philosophers of the twentieth century: John Dewey, Ludwig Wittgen-
stein, Michel Foucault, and Charles Taylor, while also calling on thinkers inspired
by them.'
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The Worlds of American Intellectual History
Joel Isaac (with James T. Kloppenberg, Michael O'Brien, and
Jennifer Ratner-Rosenhagen, eds.)
(Oxford University Press, 2017)

'The essays in this book demonstrate the breadth and vitality of American
intellectual history. Their core theme is the diversity of both American
intellectual life and of the frameworks that we must use to make sense
of that diversity. The Worlds of American Intellectual History has at its
heart studies of American thinkers. Yet it follows these thinkers and their
ideas as they have crossed national, institutional, and intellectual boundaries.
The volume explores ways in which American ideas have circulated in
different cultures. It also examines the multiple sites—from social movements,
museums, and courtrooms to popular and scholarly books and periodicals—in
which people have articulated and deployed ideas within and beyond the borders
of the United States. At these cultural frontiers, the authors demonstrate, multiple
interactions have occurred - some friendly and mutually enriching, others laden
with tension, misunderstandings, and conflict. The same holds for other kinds of
borders, such as those within and between scholarly disciplines, or between
American history and the histories of other cultures.

The richness of contemporary American intellectual history springs from the variety
of worlds with which it must engage. Intellectual historians have always relished
being able to move back and forth between close readings of particular texts and
efforts to make sense of broader cultural dispositions. That range is on display in this
volume, which includes essays by scholars as fully at home in the disciplines of
philosophy, literature, economics, sociology, political science, education, science,
religion, and law as they are in history. It includes essays by prominent historians of
European thought, attuned to the transatlantic conversations in which Europeans and
Americans have been engaged since the seventeenth century, and American historians
whose work has carried them not only to different regions in North America but across
the North Atlantic to Europe, across the South Atlantic to Africa, and across the Pacific
to South Asia.'
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Gendering Drugs: Feminist Studies of Pharmaceuticals
Ericka Johnson (ed.)
(Palgrave Macmillan, 2017)

'This book, by bringing together critical pharmaceutical studies and
feminist technoscience studies, explores the way drugs produce
sexed and/or gendered identities for those who take – or resist – them,
and how feminist technoscience studies can contribute a theoretical
lens with which to observe sex and gender in the pharmaceuticalization
processes. Topics explored in this diverse collection include the use of
hormones to delay puberty onset for trans children; HPV vaccination
against cervical cancer in Sweden, the UK, Austria and Colombia; Alz-
heimer’s discourses; and the medication of prostate issues. Ericka Johnson
has brought together an innovative and timely collection that demonstrates
gender as relevant in studies of pharmaceuticals, and provides multiple examples
of methodological and theoretical tools to consider gender while studying drugs.'
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Starożytny Historyk Izraelski (The Historian of Ancient Israel)
Isaac Kalimi
(Cracow: Nomos Press, 2017)

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Fighting Over the Bible: Jewish Interpretation, Sectarianism and
Polemic from Temple to Talmud and Beyond

Isaac Kalimi
(Brill, 2017)

Fighting over the Bible explores the bitter conflicts between main
stream Jews and their internal and external opponents, especially
between particular Jewish groups such as Pharisees, Sadducees,
Qumranites, Samaritans, Rabbanites and Karaites, as well as with
Christians and Muslims regarding their interpretations of Jewish
Scripture. The Hebrew Bible/Old Testament is an important sacred
text for all branches of the Abrahamic faiths, but it has more often
divided than unified them. This volume explores and exemplifies the
roots of these interpretive conflicts and controversies and traces the
rich exegetical and theological approaches that grew out of them.
Focusing on the Jewish sources from the late Second Temple period
through the high Middle-Ages, it illustrates how the study of the Bible
filled the vacuum left by the Temple’s destruction, and became the
foundation of Jewish life throughout its long conflicted history.'
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Bridging between Sister Religions: Studies of Jewish and Christian
Scriptures Offered in Honor of Prof. John T. Townsend

Isaac Kalimi (ed.)
(Brill, 2016)

'This volume is a collection of fresh essays in honor of Professor
John T. Townsend. It focuses on the interpretation of the common
Jewish and Christian Scripture (the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament)
and on its two off-shoots (Rabbinic Judaism and the New Testament),
as well as on Jewish-Christian relations. The contributors, who are
prominent scholars in their fields, include James L. Crenshaw, Göran
Eidevall, Anne E. Gardner, Lawrence M. Wills, Cecilia Wassen, Robert L.
Brawley, Joseph B. Tyson, Eldon J. Epp, Yaakov Elman, Rivka Ulmer,
Andreas Lehnardt, Reuven Kimelman, Bruce Chilton, and Michael W.
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Kierunek: przyszłość. 25 lat wolności a Romowie (Direction: Future.
Twenty-Five Years of Freedom and Roma)(In Polish)
Slawomir Kapralski (with Malgorzata Kolaczek and Joanna Talewicz-
(Jagiellonian University Press, 2017)

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Constitutional and Political Theory: Selected Writings. Ernst-Wolfgang

Mirjam Künkler (with Tine Stein, eds.)
(Oxford University Press, 2017)

'Ernst-Wolfgang Böckenförde (b. 1930) is one of Europe's foremost
legal scholars and political thinkers. As a scholar of constitutional law
and a judge on Germany's Federal Constitutional Court (1983 - 1996),
Böckenförde has been a major contributor to contemporary debates in
legal and political theory, to the conceptual framework of the modern
state and its presuppositions, and to contested political issues such as
the rights of the enemies of the state, the constitutional status of the state
of emergency, citizenship rights, and challenges of European integration.
In the first representative edition in English of Böckenförde's writings,
this volume brings together his essays on constitutional and political theory.
The volume is organized in four sections, focusing respectively on (I) the
political theory of the state; (II) constitutional theory; (III) constitutional
norms and fundamental rights; and (IV) the relation between state, citizen-
ship, and political autonomy. Each of these feature introductions to the
articles as well as a running editorial commentary to the work.'
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Asian Studies Review. Special issue: Studying Female Islamic Authority:
From Top-Down to Bottom-Up Modes of Certification

Mirjam Künkler (with David Kloos, eds.)
(Vol. 40 (4), December 2016)

'This special issue looks at forms of, and changes in, female Islamic
authority in comparative perspective, with particular focus on con-
temporary Asia. The significant role of women in participating in,
and shaping, Islamic scholarly traditions through the centuries is still
hardly reflected in either scholarly or public perceptions. Nearly all
classic accounts of religious authority in Islam proceed from the
assumption that this authority is male (Hallaq, 2001; Humphreys, 1991;
Keddie, 1972 [with the exception of the chapter by Fernea & Fernea];
Krämer & Schmidtke, 2006; Zaman, 2002). The possibility that women
might exercise various aspects of religious authority is usually not discussed.
Yet, when we dissect religious authority into its various manifestations (lead-
ing prayer, preaching, providing religious counselling, issuing fatāwā, trans-
mittingḥadīth, judging in court, shaping the Islamic scholarly tradition),
nuances emerge that call the exclusively male character of religious authority
in Islam into question....'
Read more about the special issue


Medicine and the Seven Deadly Sins in Late Medieval Literature
and Culture

Virginia Langum
(Palgrave Macmillan, 2016)

'This book considers how scientists, theologians, priests, and poets
approached the relationship of the human body and ethics in the later
Middle Ages. Is medicine merely a metaphor for sin? Or can certain
kinds of bodies physiologically dispose people to be angry, sad, or
greedy? If so, then is it their fault? Virginia Langum offers an account
of the medical imagery used to describe feelings and actions in religious
and literary contexts, referencing a variety of behavioral discussions
within medical contexts. The study draws upon medical and theological
writing for its philosophical basis, and upon more popular works of religion,
as well as poetry, to show how these themes were articulated, explored,
and questioned more widely in medieval culture.'
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Rituals and Its Meanings:An Intellectual Study on Ritual Books in
Northern Song China
(In Chinese)
Feng Liu
(The Selected Works of CASS. Philosophy and Religion, 2016)


On the Greek Origins of Biopolitics: A Reinterpretation of the History
of Biopower

Mika Ojakangas
(Routledge, 2016)

'This book explores the origins of western biopolitics in ancient Greek
political thought. Ojakangas’s argues that the conception of politics as
the regulation of the quantity and quality of population in the name of the
security and happiness of the state and its inhabitants is as old as the
western political thought itself: the politico-philosophical categories of
classical thought, particularly those of Plato and Aristotle, were already
biopolitical categories. In their books on politics, Plato and Aristotle do
not only deal with all the central topics of biopolitics from the political
point of view, but for them these topics are the very keystone of politics
and the art of government.

Yet although the Western understanding of politics was already biopolitical in
classical Greece, the book does not argue that the history of biopolitics would
constitute a continuum from antiquity to the twentieth century. Instead Oja-
kangas argues that the birth of Christianity entailed a crisis of the classical bio-
political rationality, as the majority of classical biopolitical themes concerning the
government of men and populations faded away or were outright rejected. It
was not until the renaissance of the classical culture and literature – including
the translation of Plato’s and Aristotles political works into Latin – that biopolitics
became topical again in the West.

The book will be of great interest to scholars and students in the field of social
and political studies, social and political theory, moral and political philosophy,
IR theory, intellectual history, classical studies.'
Read more about the book


Arquitectura en el Chile del siglo XX- Vol. I 1890-1930 (Architecture in
Chile during the 20th century-Vol I 1890-1930)
Fernando Pérez Oyarzun
(ARQ, 2016)

The Path: What Chinese Philosophers Can Teach Us About the Good Life
Michael J. Puett (with Christine Gross-Loh)
(Simon & Schuster, 2016)

'For the first time an award-winning Harvard professor shares his wildly
popular course on classical Chinese philosophy, showing you how these
ancient ideas can guide you on the path to a good life today.

Why is a course on ancient Chinese philosophers one of the most popular
at Harvard?

It’s because the course challenges all our modern assumptions about what
it takes to flourish. This is why Professor Michael Puett says to his students,
“The encounter with these ideas will change your life.” As one of them told
his collaborator, author Christine Gross-Loh, “You can open yourself up to
possibilities you never imagined were even possible.”

These astonishing teachings emerged two thousand years ago through the
work of a succession of Chinese scholars exploring how humans can improve
themselves and their society. And what are these counterintuitive ideas? Good
relationships come not from being sincere and authentic, but from the rituals
we perform within them. Influence comes not from wielding power but from
holding back.Excellence comes from what we choose to do, not our natural
abilities. A good life emerges not from planning it out, but through training
ourselves to respond well to small moments. Transformation comes not from
looking within for a true self, but from creating conditions that produce new

In other words, The Path upends everything we are told about how to lead a
good life. Above all, unlike most books on the subject, its most radical idea is
that there is no path to follow in the first place—just a journey we create anew
at every moment by seeing and doing things differently.

Sometimes voices from the past can offer possibilities for thinking afresh
about the future."
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Body Modern: Fritz Kahn, Scientific Illustration and the Homuncular
Michael Sappol
(University of Minnesota Press, 2017)

'An imaginative exploration of how Fritz Kahn’s popular scientific
illustrations visualized and performed industrial modernity:
Lavishly illustrated with more than 100 images, Body Modern
imaginatively explores the relationship between conceptual image,
image production, and embodied experience, offering the first in-depth
critical study of Fritz Kahn and his visual rhetoric. Michael Sappol
concludes that Kahn’s illustrations pose profound and unsettling
epistemological questions about the construction and performance of
the self. '
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Ambassador Marcos Indian Instincts - A Novel
Krishnan Srinivasan
(HarAnand Publications, 2016)

'Celebrated Somali diplomat Michael Marco is the executor of the Will of his
Indian friend Baldev Vaccher,and accompanies Baldev's daughter Tatiana to
Sweden,where unexplained deaths occur in a university town. Returning to
an India wracked by terrorist attacks which bear Pakistan’s imprint, Marco
is reluctant to be enlisted by the Indian Prime Minister to act as a mediator
with Pakistan. Deeply troubled by his own rootlessness and personal loss,
but conscious of his responsibilities to Tatiana, Marco is drawn into the
vortex of her romantic and emotional highs and lows, compounded by the
menace of the Maoist insurgency in Bengal.'
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Kapital spoleczny: Teoria Przestrzeni Miedzyludzkiej (Social Capital:
Interpersonal Space Theory)(In Polish)
Piotr Sztompka
(Znak Horyzont Kraków, 2016)

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Bodily Exchanges, Bioethics and Border Crossing: Perspectives on Giving,
Selling and Sharing Bodies
Kristin Zeiler (with Erik Malmqvist, eds.)
(Routledge, 2016)

'Medical therapy, research and technology enable us to make our bodies,
or parts of them, available to others in an increasing number of ways.
This is the case in organ, tissue, egg and sperm donation as well as in
surrogate motherhood and clinical research. Bringing together leading
scholars working on the ethical, social and cultural aspects of such bodily
exchanges, this cutting-edge book develops new ways of understanding
them. Bodily Exchanges, Bioethics and Border Crossing both probes the
established giving and selling frameworks for conceptualising bodily
exchanges in medicine, and seeks to develop and examine another, less
familiar framework: that of sharing. A framework of sharing can capture
practices that involve giving up and giving away part of one’s body, such
as organ and tissue donation, and practices that do not, such as surrogacy
and research participation. Sharing also recognizes the multiple relationalities
that these exchanges can involve and invites inquiry into the context in which
they occur. In addition, the book explores the multiple forms of border crossing
that bodily exchanges in medicine involve, from the physical boundaries of the
body to relational borders – as can happen in surrogacy – to national borders
and the range of ethical issues that these various border-crossings can give rise
to. ...'
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Humboldts universitet: Bildning och vetenskap i det moderna Tyskland
Johan Östling
(Atlantis, 2016)

'Humboldts universitet startade med tanken att förena
forskning och undervisning. Hur såg det första moderna universitetet ut
och hur ser traditionen ut idag, med inflytande från andra akademiska ideal?

I ett bidrag till den samtida diskussionen om kunskap, bildning och vetenskap
skildrar Johan Östling, docent i historia, universitetets idé med Humboldts
universitet som centrum i en idéhistorisk studie. Denna tyska institution var
det första moderna universitetet med tanken att förena forskning och under-
visning. Humboldttraditionen har dock aldrig varit statisk och en nyckelfråga
är hur traditionen har förvandlats och ersatts av andra akademiska ideal.'
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Sweden after Nazism: Politics and Culture in the Wake of the Second
World War
Johan Östling
(Berghahn, 2016)

'As a nominally neutral power during the Second World War, Sweden in
the early postwar era has received comparatively little attention from
historians. Nonetheless, as this definitive study shows, the war—and
particularly the specter of Nazism—changed Swedish society profoundly.
Prior to 1939, many Swedes shared an unmistakable affinity for German
culture, and even after the outbreak of hostilities there remained prominent
apologists for the Third Reich. After the Allied victory, however, Swedish
intellectuals reframed Nazism as a discredited, distinctively German
phenomenon rooted in militarism and Romanticism. Accordingly, Swedes’
self-conception underwent a dramatic reformulation. From this interplay of
suppressed traditions and bright dreams for the future, postwar Sweden
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